New flashcards added for HSC Biology

I have just added a set of 68 flashcards to help students studying and revising for HSC Biology (the final year exams taken by school students in NSW). This set is for the first Biology topic – Maintaining a Balance

Hexokinase image by Thomas Shafee – Own work, CC BY 4.0,

Maintaining a Balance covers enzymes, pH, homeostasis, the nervous system, ectotherms and endotherms, responses of plants to temperature change, the mammalian circulatory system, haemoglobin, xylem and phloem in plants, the respiratory system, the excretory system (particularly kidney structure and function), enantiostasis in estuarine environments and adaptations of Australian plants to minimise water loss.

Nephron Artwork by Holly Fischer – – Urinary Tract Slide 20, 26, CC BY 3.0,

Any student studying these topics in biology would find the flashcard set useful, but particularly those in Year 12 in NSW who are revising for their half-yearly exams, trials or HSCs.


The flashcard set is publicly available on Once you have signed up to Cram, you can download the free app for smartphones and study on the move. Personally, I find the most useful setting is to click on the ‘Memorize’ tab and shuffle the cards. You are then shown only the front of each card. Try to remember the definition and other important points, then click to show the answer, then click on ‘I got it right’ or ‘I got it wrong’. Cards you got wrong will be returned to the pack ready for you to try again.

There are other ways to use the flashcards. There is a test format with various options including matching the word to the definition, or multiple choice, and there are two games you can play with your cards.
I plan to add similar sets for the first topics in HSC Physics and HSC Chemistry. If I have time, I’ll do the Preliminary courses as well.

Please contact me if you have a request for a set, or if you want more words added to this set, or if you disagree with me about the definitions.

Young Architects

-I call architecture frozen music.-

This year I am offering a new Nurture Learning course called Young Architects.

Previously I have shied away from the Technology part of the NSW syllabus, but last year I trialed this course with my own children, plus doing a few extra excursions with an architect friend of mine. The course and the excursions were a big hit and so I decided to offer the course to homeschooling children in the Sydney area.

It’s a shorter course than I usually offer: just six one-hour classes plus two optional two-hour excursions. The classes will largely be delivered by walking around areas of the Northern Beaches. In this way we can look at the purpose of different buildings and spaces, how purpose informs design, how people interact in spaces, systems in the built environment, how buildings have changed over time and how they might change in the future. We will finish off by doing a site survey in the local area and then the children can build models of their ideas for that site.

Following from the success of the Young Scientists course I am really excited to share this new course with my regular students and see what wonderful ideas they come up with. I hope that some new children come along too.

You can book the course here, or if you have any questions please contact me.